What is anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)?
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is what connects your shinbone to your thigh bone to stabilize your knee joint. It works with the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) to control knee motion. An ACL injury occurs when the anterior cruciate ligament in the knee gets overstretched or tears.
Usually, this happens when you abruptly stop or suddenly change direction while running, or land incorrectly while jumping. Overextending of the knee joint could cause it too. As a result, these injuries are more common when playing sports like basketball, soccer, and football. In order to reduce swelling and pain from an ACL injury, try elevating the leg or using ice. In addition, one can use the help of crutches for the first few days, but not for too long. Otherwise, lack of activity can cause the muscles to become weaker.
An ACL injury sometimes comes alongside damage to other parts of the knee. For example, the meniscus, the articular cartilage or other ligaments could also have been affected. Consult a doctor, who will offer methods of treatment accordingly. Undoubtedly, choice of treatment depends upon the patient’s condition and needs.