Check your risk of Osteoporosis:
How can we know that the organs in our body are functioning well if we don’t check them regularly? This is particularly true in the case of our bones and joints. If we never have a check-up, there is no way of knowing how porous our bones have become, how much risk there is of fragility, or whether our bones can break easily. Furthermore, if we don’t know the cause of something, we cannot know how to prevent it.
Understanding Bone Composition:
There are many types of bones in our body. Long bones, such as those of the arms and legs; square segment bones, such as those in the spine, wrist, and ankle; bones with a dense composition, called compact bones (cortical bone); and bones with the characteristics of a hive (cancellous bone). Women are three times more likely to break their bones than men, as women’s bones are thinner and more porous.
The substances which make up bones are calcium, magnesium, iron, and other substances, such as electrolytes, sodium, and potassium. For calcium to be acquired by the bones, it must first be present in the blood vessels. This can be achieved directly by eating foods containing calcium, thus allowing direct absorption into the bloodstream.
While we are still in the womb, our bones begin as cartilage and then continue to acquire more and more calcium from birth up until adolescence at the age of 16-17. After the age of 25, the amount of calcium received by the bones will reduce.
This results from a decrease in bone density together with structural deterioration of the bone. In addition to reducing bone strength, osteoporosis can cause bones to become more fragile and susceptible to breaking easily. If spinal fractures occur, the nerves can become compressed, leading to paralysis, and an increased chance of hip fractures.
However, consuming large quantities of calcium may not always result in better calcium absorption into the bones due to a hormone deficiency. Vitamin D, on the other hand, helps stimulate calcium absorption and is, therefore, also an important dietary consideration.
We can assess the density of bones by performing a medical examination. In general, tests are carried out in three places where easy-breaks tend to occur; these are the lumbar spine, hip, and forearm or wrist. A score lower than -2.5 is a diagnosis of osteoporosis. In most cases, measurements are taken from the hip and spine, as these figures give a more accurate indication, especially for those who are at menopause age and who are entering osteopenia.
Bone density check? Complete the form below to make an appointment.
20% of Thai women between the age of 40 to 80 years suffer from osteoporosis. Symptoms might not show in the early stage, but osteoporosis can be diagnosed with a bone density test. Bone mineral density scores are calculated as a T-score (T) which is used to diagnose the density of the bones. The results of these tests can be interpreted as follows:
Yes, they should, but it depends on the intensity of the exercise. Walking or swimming are the safest options. People aged 70 and over are at much greater risk and should take care to avoid falls.
Risk groups for Osteoporosis: