It is a well-known fact that the foods we eat can act as medicines to help treat and prevent disease. When we eat in a healthy way, our bodies can benefit from the nutrients that we take in. Let’s take a look at some of the details of each food color group:
Green fruits and vegetables are rich in substances such as chlorophyll, carotenoid, lutein, and zeaxanthin. Examples of green fruits and vegetables include green apples, green grapes, kiwis, broccoli, kale, asparagus, avocado, green cabbage, cucumbers, and spinach.
Important substances found in red fruits and vegetables include lycopene, betacyanin, quercetin, hesperidin, and anthocyanin. Examples of red fruits and vegetables include strawberries, cherries, cranberries, raspberries, pomegranates, red grapes, watermelon, roselle flowers, tomatoes, beetroot, red peppers, and red onions.
Purple and Blue Foods
Purple and blue fruits and vegetables contain important substances such as anthocyanin and phenolic acid. Examples of these include purple grapes, blueberries, blackberries, prunes, eggplant, purple cabbage, purple sweet potatoes, black sticky rice and leum pua rice.
Yellow and Orange Foods
Yellow and orange fruits and vegetables contain important substances such as carotenoids (some of which convert into vitamin A in the body), flavonoids, and vitamin C. Examples of yellow and orange fruits and vegetables include oranges, bananas, passion fruit, cantaloupe, papaya, pineapple, carrots, pumpkins, yams, corn, sweet potatoes, and yellow bell peppers.
Important substances found in white fruits and vegetables include beta glucan, which is frequently found in mushrooms, and substances in the flavonoids group. White fruits and vegetables include pears, custard apples, lychees, mangosteen, radishes, cauliflower, ginger, garlic, and mushrooms.