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If someone develops impaired speech, facial drooping, sudden muscle weakness in the extremities, or numbness on one side of the body, it is time to visit the doctor immediately.

       These are signs that can lead to cerebrovascular disease, commonly diagnosed in patients which may eventually manifest as paralysis. Immediate treatment is necessary to rehabilitate the body back to normal or as close to normal as possible.

So if someone starts to develop sudden muscle weakness, slurred speech, headache, vertigo, numbness or unconsciousness, he needs to be taken to the hospital immediately. If he gets treated with blood thinner as soon as possible, his condition will get better. A brain scan, blood test and other diagnostic tests, such as ultrasound and MRI, will help the doctor determine the course of treatment. These are available at designated hospitals.

Patients whose brain lacked blood flow for a while will have severe symptoms and surgery may be necessary to reduce the risk of complication from brain swelling. Other complications include lung infection and urinary tract infection, which can be treated once the patient is out of critical condition. Physical rehabilitation will help him recover back to normal.

“This disease does not affect only the patient, but his/her family as well and it is a long term effect. The family’s life will change. Therefore, prevention is the best way. And get to the hospital as soon as you experience muscle weakness in the extremities, slurred speech, or facial drooping.

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Udom Suthiponpaisan, Gp.Capt.,M.D. Summary: Neurology Stroke