Irritable bowel syndrome, or IBS is a very common disorder affecting the colon. To some, the subject of IBS may be an embarrassing one to address, and yet so many suffer from the same problem. Although IBS is a chronic conditions, there are ways to treat it and live a much more comfortable life.
IBS causes cramping, abdominal pain, diarrhea, bloating, gas and constipation. Unlike some other bowel diseases, those with IBS do not have an increased risk of colorectal cancer.
Most find IBS to be mildly uncomfortable; only a small amount of people have severe symptoms. For some, IBS management is an alteration in diet, for others medication may be necessary. In either case, a physician should be consulted to make a plan for treatment. It is also important to know for sure whether you are suffering from is IBS and not symptoms related to something more serious, such as colon cancer.
Because several intestinal disorders show similar symptoms to IBS, a physician will base your particular symptoms on a set of criteria to determine whether or not you suffer from IBS. A blood test may also be performed to rule out other diseases and narrow down the root cause.
The times to be concerned are when the following symptoms present themselves:
Though the exact cause of IBS is unknown, it is known that there are many factors which can lead to it. The main factor has to do with the intestinal wall. The intestines expand and contract as food moves through the body. For some people, the intestinal wall may be thicker, causing bloating or gas. For others, it may be weaker, leading to constipation. Simply put, the intestines are delicate, and when the lining of the intestinal wall is even a little off, it can impact proper digestion.
IBS is chronic and, because the body is so sensitive, it can be triggered by a number of things:
There are things you can do both at home and with a doctor to treat IBS. Some of these options are as follows:
The important thing to remember is that IBS is manageable, and with the appropriate diet and action plan determined by your physician, you can lead a comfortable life.
Certificate in Advanced Endoscopy Siriraj Hospital . Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University , 2011