People often ask themselves why they have knee pain. Quite simply, as people age, they begin to develop some pain in their joints, especially in their knees. Almost everyone has some symptoms, even young people. These symptoms may be caused by arthritis, osteoarthritis or inflammation from a previous knee injury. Some people have so much pain and they don’t know what to do. If non-surgical treatments do not help, regardless of the cause of the knee pain, the doctor may recommend knee replacement surgery.
Many people think that surgery is a big deal and knee replacement surgery sounds alarming because of the surgical pain and long recovery they expect to experience. Well, worry no more. The latest advances in medical technology now make this surgical procedure much simpler and more convenient with less pain and a higher level of safety. Today, surgeons are able to perform minimally invasive surgery-total knee arthroplasty (MIS-TKA). This type of knee replacement surgery uses smaller incisions with less cutting of the tissue surrounding the knee. Once the opening is made, the surgeon uses high flexion TKA to replace the knee joint. This technique involves a smaller incision, less blood loss, less pain and a shorter recovery period. Patients typically need to stay in the hospital for no more than three days. Most importantly and surprisingly, patients are able to begin walking again within 24 hours after the surgery. The advantage of this type of surgery is that it allows for a fast recovery and excellent treatment results.
Currently, minimally invasive surgery has become the standard approach used by most surgeons for performing a knee replacement. Prior to the surgery, the doctor performs a general examination that includes asking the patient about the symptoms, checking the degree of swelling, checking to see whether or not the knee is crooked or bent outwards, checking to see how the knee can be straightened, and assessing the x-ray results. When osteoarthritis is confirmed and knee replacement is required, the surgery can be performed.
Anyone can get sick and have osteoarthritis; bones and joints change with age. Conditions can be harder to control because bones become weaker as people get older. However, knee replacement surgery is not a big deal and there is little need for concern. If you have the condition, relax and know that you can feel better. If recommended by your doctor, have the surgery so that the pain can be relieved and you will be able to walk and return to your normal activities again. Once you understand about knee replacement surgery today, it doesn’t have to be frightening at all.
|Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) – New standard of care for surgical procedures|
M.D., Faculty of Medicine, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine Pramongkutklao College of Medicine , 2010