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Knee Replacement Surgery

Ouch! My Knees…

At a certain age, one is often left wondering “Why do I have knee pain?”.  If you are one of those with the condition, relax and know that you can feel better. 

As people age, they begin to develop pain in their joints, especially in their knees. This means, one can get osteoarthritis as bones and joints change with age. Conditions can be harder to control because bones become weaker with age. Although more common amongst the elderly, anyone can have some symptoms. It could be from arthritis, osteoarthritis or inflammation from a previous knee injury. 

Whether to consider a knee replacement surgery

For some, the condition can be so painful,  something needs to be done. In such cases, if non-surgical treatments do not help, regardless of the cause, the doctor may recommend knee replacement surgery.  However, sweat not. There is little need for concern. Knee replacement surgery is not frightening at all once you understand how it is performed today. In fact, thanks to medical advancements knee replacement is minimally invasive. It can help relieve the pain you are experiencing. This means you will be able to walk and return to your normal activities again. Thus, if your doctor recommends the surgery, consider it. 

About the Surgery

A knee replacement surgery may sound alarming at first.  There’s already a fear of surgery in general due to the pain and long recovery associated with it. Well, worry no more. Today, surgeons are able to perform the minimally invasive surgery which is a  total knee arthroplasty (MIS-TKA). This type of surgery is safer, simpler, more convenient and less painful. Moreover, it allows for a faster recovery with excellent treatment results. Hence, it has become the standard approach used by most surgeons for performing a knee replacement. 

Prior to the Knee Replacement Surgery

Doctor performs a general examination that includes asking the patient about the symptoms.  They, then, check the degree of swelling and see whether or not the knee is crooked or bent outwards. After that, they see how the knee can be straightened, assessing the x-ray results. When osteoarthritis is confirmed and if knee replacement is required, surgery is recommended.  

The Surgical Procedure

This type of knee replacement surgery uses smaller incisions with less cutting of the tissue surrounding the knee. Once the opening is made, the surgeon uses high flexion TKA to replace the knee joint. This technique involves less blood loss and pain, and has a shorter recovery period. Patients typically need to stay in the hospital for no more than three days. Most importantly, patients are able to walk within 24 hours post-surgery. 

 

Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) – New standard of care for surgical procedures

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Werayut Chayapinun, M.D. Summary: Orthopedics Orthopedics