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Emergency First Aid Manual – Wounds


1.Superficial wounds, abrasions (grazes)

First Aid

  • Wash and clean the wound with soap and large volume of tap water.
  • Use a disinfectant such as povidone (betadine) or an antibiotic ointment or cream.
  • Cover the wound with sterile gauze or a bandage, or you may leave it uncovered.

2. Deep wounds

First Aid

  • If the wound begins to bleed. Manual pressure on gauze or other cloth placed over the bleeding source. If bleeding continues, do not remove the gauze; add more gauze on top and apply more pressure.
  • Wrap a rolled cloth or sterile gauze on the wound and apply direct pressure on it to stop the bleeding.
    *It is not recommended to raise the injured part of the body to a high position as it does not serve any purpose. On the contrary, it may be a hindrance to give direct pressure.

3. Puncture wounds by a sharp object

First Aid

  • Use a clean cloth or sterile gauze to apply direct pressure to the area surrounding the sharp object that has pierced into the body. Be careful not to press the sharp object farther into the wound.
  • Wrap the cloth or bandage around the object to keep it still.
  • Provide first aid if the victim faints or be becomes unconscious.
  • Send the victim immediately to the hospital or call the Emergency Medical Services.
    *You must not remove the embedded object as this will cause excessive bleeding and can be fatal.

4. Amputations

First Aid

  • Apply direct pressure to the wound to stop the bleeding. A cloth may be used to wrap around the wound to stop bleeding.
  • Collect the amputated limb and put it in a clean plastic bag and seal it. (Do not wash the amputated limb). Write the complete name of the victim on the bag, along with the date and time of the accident.
  • Place this sealed bag in a container containing ice and water.
  • Immediately send this bag along with the patient, to the hospital.

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