Women’s ovaries serve two purposes; to produce eggs and the hormones estrogen and progesterone. These functions are very important to ovulation and fertility. A disruption in these functions may take the form of ovarian cysts. Ovarian cysts are fluid filled sacks in the ovary. They can vary in size from less than one centimeter to greater than 10 centimeters. Ovarian cysts can occur both before and after menopause, but they are most common in young women who are of childbearing age.
Though in many cases ovarian cysts are benign, it is important that women remain aware and take the necessary measures to screen for and remove these obstructions.
There are two types of ovarian cysts: Pathological cysts and functional cysts.
This condition may appear harmless. In reality, however, severe cases can result in the cysts rupturing and damaging blood vessels, causing bleeding and eventually proving fatal, if left untreated. Before a cyst reaches this stage, however, it is very important that she visit her doctor and take the necessary recommended steps so as not to have to bear the severe abdominal cramps for any longer than necessary. Most importantly, any woman with ovarian cysts who wants to have children should have the cyst treated as early as possible. Don’t leave it untreated because ovarian cysts can have adverse impacts on fertility.
Although most ovarian cysts are not cancerous, they can still have an adverse effect on your health and endanger your well being. If you are diagnosed with an ovarian cyst, don’t panic because the condition is entirely treatable, with rare, or no, complications. Most importantly, if you notice an abnormality in your menstrual cycle, please consult an obstetrician to determine the cause and to commence early treatment, as necessary.
In many cases, cysts are small and, as a result, have no noticeable symptoms. However, if you are experiencing symptoms they are most likely:
If pain is persistent, sharp and accompanied by nausea and vomiting consult a physician right away.
The following are the leading causes of ovarian cysts:
The following are the risk factors for developing ovarian cysts or associated conditions:
If an ovarian cyst is caused by a malfunctioning of the ovaries, it will disappear without treatment, although the associated pain may last for two to three months. To help alleviate the pain and discomfort, a doctor may prescribe pain and/or hormone medications. There are two types of ovarian cysts that may develop into tumors: ovarian tumors and chocolate cysts. Although there is a very small likelihood that either of these types of cysts could grow into cancer, there is still a chance. For this reason, the doctor may recommend surgical treatment.
There are various ways in which the diagnosis and treatment of ovarian cysts can be carried out, but Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy remains the most effective. At Samitivej, our surgeons can perform Minimally Invasive Surgery through small incision sites, less than 1 cm long, using 3D-4K technology. The extra resolution of 4K medical monitors (four times the resolution of full HD) and 3D imaging, results in a clearer view of finer detail, giving greater depth perception and providing a more precise visualization during this complex surgical procedure.
This technology maximizes overall effectiveness, to locate and remove all cysts, while ensuring patients’ safety.
“Very Small Incision, Minimal Postoperative Pain and only 2-3 Days in Hospital”
Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University , 1999