- Accurate basic life-saving skills can increase survival rates.
- When your child is unconscious, the first response should be to detect a pulse within 10 seconds.
Children are often naughty and just can’t sit still, sometimes causing an accident. Injuries can range from mild to severe, leading to the loss of life. When parents encounter an unexpected event, they should calm down and perform basic life support techniques before reaching the hospital. Accurate life-saving skills can increase survival rates.
Drowning is the leading cause of death for Thai children. In 2016, 700 children younger than 15 years died from drowning. According to the worldwide drowning statistics, 135,585 children drown a year or 372 children a day. Water to all children means fun and play. During the summer school holidays, children enjoy playing in water. At this age, they do not think about safety. They do not understand the dangers associated with water.
If you find a child drowning, get the child out of the water as quickly as possible – death by drowning occurs from lack of oxygen within just 4 minutes. If water goes into the lungs and respiratory system; it will lack oxygen, cause unconsciousness, and the heart will stop beating.
- If alone, please ask for help from others by shouting, call 1669 for a medical emergency, call for an ambulance, and/or calling directly to a regular hospital.
- If the child is conscious, please wipe the body, change the clothes and send him/her to the hospital as quickly as possible.
- If the child loses consciousness, please detect a pulse within 10 seconds.
- If a pulse is present, please deliver one breath as directed below every 3 seconds and pump on the child’s chest if the heart rate is less than 60 beats per minute.
- Open airway, open the kid’s airway by tilting his/her head back and lifting his/her chin (head tilt, chin lift). Cover the child’s mouth with yours and blow until you see the chest rise.
- Give about 20 chest compression per minute with second rescue breaths.
- If the pulse is absent or there is no heartbeat, try to restart it with chest compressions. immediately.
- To start chest compressions, find a position one finger’s width below the line joining the child’s nipples with the center of the breastbone.
- Place the tips of two fingers on the point in young children (age 1 month – 1 year), and use the heal of one hand for older children (1- 8 years).
- Press down to a depth of about 1/3 of the chest (1 ½ – 2 inches).
- If you are on your own, do 30 chest compressions, followed by 2 rescue breaths. If there are two rescuers available, do 15 chest compressions, followed by 2 rescue breaths.
- Check for breathing and pulse every 2 minutes.
- Continue with chest compressions and rescue breaths until medical assistance arrives or when you arrive at the hospital.
- Watch out for risk areas at home and surrounding areas such as swimming pools or ponds.
- Teach children how to swim and about water safety. Do not let children play near rough waters.
- Do not let them play in water unsupervised.
- Lifeguards and signage such as depth markers and advisory signage should be provided at a swimming pool or water park. On a boat, a life jacket should be provided for every passenger.
Do not assume that a child who knows how to swim is not at risk of drowning. Drowning may be caused by a cramp or fatigue while swimming. Even 4 minutes of under the water could put your child at risk. Before letting children play in water, parents should educate them on water safety to prevent drowning.