Parents are usually the first to notice an irregularity affecting the vision of their child. They come in many forms, such as Strabismus and a trance-like stare. Amblyopia is another abnormality, which parents should be on the lookout for as it has the potential to affect the vision of your child permanently.
This is a condition that can reduce the vision capabilities in one eye of the sufferer, and may even affect both eyes in some cases. It can be caused by numerous vision conditions or eye disorders that hamper the development of the child’s vision, and lead to the brain receiving a reduced quality image from the eyes. Generally, visual development occur from birth until the age of about 6 – 12 years old. If action is prescribed to treat the causes quickly enough, the child’s vision can be returned to normal levels. However, if too much time is allowed to pass, and the child’s vision develops with this condition, it could cause a permanent reduction in that child’s vision.
In young children, the way they look around, and at objects, as well as how they look at their toys, and grab things should be observed to assess whether or not they are doing these things properly. Can they close one eye, and still see objects around them? Do they try to resist when one eye is closed for them? For older children, they can be asked to read some text, and have the clarity of vision in each eye compared. Additionally, observe carefully for any signs that your child is squinting or going cross-eyed as these are both symptoms that tend to occur in children suffering from amblyopia.
It is recommended that an assessment be carried out by an ophthalmologist to identify the causes behind the condition. This is because amblyopia can be cured, and the younger the child is when treated, the more chance there is that their vision can develop fully and correctly.
Treatments are prescribed according to the causes of the condition, for instance, for:
Chulalongkorn University , 2009