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Acute Myocardial Infarction (Acute MI)

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What is Acute MI?

Acute myocardial infarction or acute MI is a condition in which the arteries in the heart are narrow or blocked. Blocked or narrow arteries do not allow for blood to travel to the heart muscles, which can result in a heart attack.  

Risk Factors

The risk factors for acute MI include the following:

  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol levels
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Lack of exercise
  • Family history of heart disease
  • Men over the age of 45
  • Women over the age of 55

People who are not in an “at-risk” age group should still get checked, especially since there have been more and more cases of younger people, in their early thirties, developing this serious condition.

Warning Signs

There are not many warning signs for acute MI. The most prominent warning signs, however, are loss of energy, tiring easily, and severe chest pain. Chest pains from acute MI are usually accompanied by light-headedness, sweating and heart palpitations. The pain is not a pang or a small discomfort;  acute MI chest pains can be so intense that the patient cannot function normally. If this is the case, consult a doctor immediately.

Prevention

Taking care of your health is the best prevention for acute MI. The following lifestyle changes can make a big difference:

  • Abstain from smoking
  • Keep an eye on your blood pressure
  • Keep an eye on your cholesterol levels
  • Exercise regularly
  • Eat a healthy diet

Getting regular checkups can also help detect issues before they worsen. During a checkup, coronary artery disease can be detected through a combination of an electrocardiogram, an echocardiogram, a blood test (cardiac enzyme) or CTA coronary artery. If an abnormality is found, the doctor will perform a coronary angiogram, a procedure in which a type of dye visible by an x-ray machine is injected into the heart’s blood vessels. This procedure allows the doctor to get a detailed look inside the arteries and to fully formulate a diagnosis.

If you have a family history of heart disease, consult a doctor as soon as possible. The doctor will provide advice on procedures that can help to prevent heart attacks and other preventive measures you can take.  

Treatments

Treatments for acute MI are called percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary revascularization. There are four main treatment methods and your doctor will recommend the best method for your particular case.

  • Balloon angioplasty – a long thin tube with a balloon at the tip is inserted into the blocked artery; the balloon is inflated in order to widen the artery and allow for the blood to flow normally again.
  • Stents are inserted into the artery to widen the blockage
  • Stents are inserted into the artery to widen the blockage, but with chemical substances that prevent the fibrous tissue to develop inside the stent and create future narrowing. This is the treatment most commonly used.
  • Stents are inserted into the artery to widen the blockage, but these stents will dissolve in one to two years. This treatment method is used in selected cases.

Patients who suffer from myocardial infarction can take a few months or up to a year to recover. On the other hand, patients who undergo the procedure as a preventative method of care usually need only two to three days to recover.

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Heart strength assessments to prevent sudden loss of life, either for yourself or your loved ones.

 

Program

Price (THB)

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Heart Disease Detection Program – Heart Disease (Echo) | Checklist 11,000
Heart Disease Detection Program – Heart Disease (Stress Echo) | Checklist 12,000
Genetic screening to assess the risk of unexplained sudden cardiac arrest syndrome, alongside key health assessment for men and women | Checklist
Remark:

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For more information or to make an appointment with a doctor, please contact info@samitivej.co.th

 

Program Price (THB)
Heart health screening program – Maxcure Heart 4,200
Heart health screening program – Comprehensive Heart 6,800
Heart health screening program – Complete Heart 18,500
Remark:

  • Programs may only be purchased at these prices until December 31, 2019.

For more information or to make an appointment with a doctor, please contact info@samitivej.co.th


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