Cancer is a class of disease in which a group of cells continuously divide and display uncontrolled growth and start to intrude on and destruct adjacent tissues (Invasion). It is this uncontrolled growth of abnormal cell resulted from DNA – (genetic material of a cell) mutation that affects norman cell growth and division, forming a mass of tissue called a tumor.


 
Causes
There are several related factors both inside and outside the body that contribute to the development of cancer
Factors inside the body
Individual’s immune system
Nationality
Gender
Heredity
Abnormal Cell formation example
Molds and birthmarks


Factors outside the body
Exposed to a particular substance
Chemicals
Hormones
Viruses
Toxins
Certain Parasites
Malnutrition


 
Statistic     There are an estimated of 120,000 new cancer cases diagnosed each year.
InAmerica, Cancer is the No.2 killer after Coronary Heart Disease, an estimated of 562,340 cancer deaths in 2009.
Stomach cancer is most common amongst Janpanese.
Nasal cancer is most prevalent amongst Chinese.
 

An uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the lung for example, lung tissue and/or bronchus
in
cancer cells.

Cause of Lung Cancer

Cigarette smoking or secondhand smoke inhalers
Occupaional Work area exposed to environmental pollutants, both air and industrial chemicals
 
 
Symptoms
Dry persistent cough that does not go away
Coughing with phlem
Coughing up blood
Pneumonia, fever, chest pain
Weight loss, loss of appetite, paleness and fatigue
Difficulty in breathing and shortness of breath
Swollen face, neck, arms and other upper parts of the body
Change of voice, become hoarse
Difficulty in swallowing
In pain
Paralyzed
 
 
Colon cancer is a common type of malignancy (cancer) in which there is uncontrolled growth of the cells that line the inside of the colon.
 
Causes
Low-fiber diets or low calcium diets, resulting in constipation/diarrhea for a long period of time
Cyst development in the digestive system, particularly in the colon.
Hereditary
Intake of high-fats in diet
Intake of toxin into the body, leaving residue in the colon
Blood vessels to the colon start to deteriorate
 
 
Blood mixed in the stool
• Bleeding of the rectum
• Stool becomes thinner in diameter
Frequent bowel movement
• Change in bowel habits
• Intermittent (alternating) constipation and diarrhea
• Severe colon inflammation
• Cramping pain in the lower abdomen
• Bloated lower abdomen; may be able to feel a lump in the abdomen.
• Feeling of urgency around the rectum.
• Weight loss for no known reason
• Pale skin, fatigue and weight loss
• Bowel obstruction causes severe abdominal pain
• Symptoms of colon cancer depend on the location of the cancer, for example
- Colon (Ascending) cancer: Symptoms may include paleness, chronic fatigue, palpitation, difficulty in breathing.
- Colon (Transverse) cancer: Symptoms may include cramping pain, indigestion and bleeding.
- Colon (Descending) cancer: Symptoms may include thinner stool size, irregular bowel habit, feeling of urgency
- Any part of colon cancer may show symptoms of bleeding (bright red or very dark blood) in the stool. Do take note of the color change of your stool and seek doctor’s advice immediately.
 

 
Most prevalence in women aged between 35-60 years. However, cervical cancer can be successfully screened with a Pep Smear to reduce the incidence of invasive cervical cancer, by which a sample of cells from a woman’s cervix to examine, in order to look for pre-malignancy (before-cancer) changes.
  Causes
• An infection with HPV (human papillomavirus)
is the main cause of cervical cancer

Factors contributing to higher risk of developing cervical cancer

Risk factors in Women:
- Women who have had many sexual partners
- Early sexual experience – younger than 17 years old
- Women who have been pregnant or have given birth to more than 4 children
- Sexual history of sexual transmitted diseases
- Using birth control pills for a long tim
- Women who never had a Pap smear cervical screening test.
 
Risk factors in Men:
-Women whose husband has penis cancer
-Women whose husband’s previous wife had
cervical cancer

-Men have had sexual transmitted disease
-Men have had sexual experience at an early age
-Men who have had many sexual partners
Other risk factors
-Cigarette smoking
-Weakened immune system
-Women who have poor economic status
   
 
Most common amongst people living in the city
1. Abnormal Virginal Bleeding
• Light bleeding or blood spots
• Blood mixed in virginal white discharge
• Bleeding after going through menopause

2. Later stage of cervical cancer
Swollen legs
• Severe back pain, pain in the bottom and upper leg pain
Blood in the urine and stool
• Pelvic pain